Science lab Zarya-5

Concerns of the modern analysis of thermic anogens

Chapter 1. Historical reference

Special research and experimental department TAFR (from Russian: Secrets of Physics belong to the Motherland!) was established in 1929 as a secret branch of OKB-1 GAU. It is under the control of K.E. Voroshilov, Commissar of Soviet Navy, upon personal request of inventor L.V. Kurchevsky.

Kurchevsky’s idea was to conduct cutting edge research, including ‘death rays’, that was popular at that time.

After Tukhachevsky became the Deputy of Munitions of Navy Commissar in 1931, TAFR received a significant funding boost and became even bigger than OKB-1 GAU in terms of the number of employees and occupied space, although formally it was still one of its branches.

In 1933 TAFR was comprised of six different departments and labs, which were either separate secret research centers or were concealed under the names of other institutions.

One of them, LOS (from Russian: Laboratory of Organic Compounds), was located in the basement of the institute of chemistry in Obuh, near Vorontsovo Pole street. This powerful and fully equipped science laboratory, where virology, genetics and biological warfare research took place, was hidden under the sign of some harmless institution.

German scientist Hans Gustav Adolph Hellman, the pioneer of quantum chemistry, became the head of LOS after fleeing from the Nazis in 1933. During the following four and a half years, till March 1938, this outstanding chemist and thinker conducted research on Homo Arbeiter, ‘human worker’ (therefore disputing in absentia the Nazi concept of Übermensch, ‘superman’). Contrary to another German scientist Ernst Jünger (author of philosophical work Der Arbeiter), who imagined the future ‘human worker’ as a social entity in the first place, Hellman envisioned the Homo Arbeiter as a biological creature, which can be made out of an ordinary human using biochemistry.

Based on various works of the French entomologist Jean Henri Fabre and using a bee swarm as an ideal model of species working together, Hellman started full-scale experiments on pheromone research in attempt to control behavior.